Chapter 296-800 WACIntroductionSafety and Health Core RulesChapter 296-800 WACSafety & Health Core Rules(Form Number F414-059-000)This book contains the Safety & Health Core Rules, as adopted under the Washington IndustrialSafety and Health Act of 1973 (Chapter 49.17 RCW).The rules in this book are effective March, 2022. A brief promulgation history, set withinbrackets at the end of this chapter, gives statutory authority, administrative order ofpromulgation, and date of adoption of filing.TO RECEIVE E-MAIL UPDATES: Sign up bscriber/new?topic id WADLI 19TO PRINT YOUR OWN PAPER COPY OR TO VIEW THE RULE ONLINE: Go to rules-by-chapter/?chapter 800/DOSH CONTACT INFORMATION: Physical address:7273 Linderson WayTumwater, WA 98501-5414(Located off I-5 Exit 101 south of Tumwater.)Mailing address:DOSH Standards and InformationPO Box 44810Olympia, WA 98504-4810Telephone: 1-800-423-7233For all L&I Contact information, visit https://www.lni.wa.gov/agency/contact/Also available on the L&I Safety & Health website: DOSH Core RulesOther General Workplace Safety & Health RulesIndustry and Task-Specific RulesProposed Rules and HearingsNewly Adopted Rules and New Rule InformationDOSH Directives (DD’s)See http://www.lni.wa.gov/Safety-Health/Note: This rulebook includes the emergency rule 296-800-14035, “2019 Novel coronavirus prohibited businessactivities and compliance with conditions for operations” effective 3/15/2022 through 7/13/2022.
Chapter 296-800 WACTable of ContentsSafety and Health Core RulesChapter 296-800 WACSafety and Health Core RulesWAC. PageWAC 296-800-099 Definitions. . 1WAC 296-800-100 Introduction. The safety and health corerules: . 18WAC 296-800-110 Employer responsibilities: Safeworkplace . 21WAC 296-800-11005 Provide a workplace free from recognized hazards. . 22WAC 296-800-11010 Provide and use means to make your workplace safe. . 22WAC 296-800-11015 Prohibit employees from entering, or being in, any workplace thatis not safe. . 22WAC 296-800-11020 Construct your workplace so it is safe. . 22WAC 296-800-11025 Prohibit alcohol and narcotics from your workplace. . 22WAC 296-800-11030 Prohibit employees from using tools and equipment that are notsafe. 24WAC 296-800-11035 Establish, supervise, and enforce rules that lead to a safe andhealthy work environment that are effective in practice. . 24WAC 296-800-11040 Control Chemical Agents. . 24WAC 296-800-11045 Protect employees from biological agents. . 24WAC 296-800-120 Rule. . 26WAC 296-800-12005 Employee responsibilities. . 26WAC 296-800-130 Safety committees/safety meetings. . 28WAC 296-800-13020 Establish and conduct safety committees. . 28WAC 296-800-13025 Follow these rules to conduct safety meetings. . 30Page i
Chapter 296-800 WACTable of ContentsSafety and Health Core RulesWAC 296-800-140 Accident prevention program. . 31WAC 296-800-14005 Develop a formal, written accident prevention program. . 31WAC 296-800-14020 Develop, supervise, implement, and enforce safety and healthtraining programs that are effective in practice. . 32WAC 296-800-14025 Make sure your accident prevention program is effective inpractice. . 32WAC 296-800-14035 2019 Novel coronavirus prohibited business activities andcompliance with conditions for operations. . 32WAC 296-800-150 First Aid. . 33WAC 296-800-15005 Make sure that first-aid trained personnel are available to providequick and effective first aid. . 34WAC 296-800-15020 Make sure appropriate first-aid supplies are readily available. . 34WAC 296-800-15030 Make sure emergency washing facilities are functional andreadily accessible. . 34WAC 296-800-15035 Inspect and activate your emergency washing facilities. . 36WAC 296-800-15040 Make sure supplemental flushing equipment provides sufficientwater. 37WAC 296-800-160 Personal protective equipment (PPE) . 38WAC 296-800-16002 Compliance duties owed to each employee. . 39WAC 296-800-16005 Do a hazard assessment for PPE. . 39WAC 296-800-16010 Document your hazard assessment for PPE. . 39WAC 296-800-16015 Select appropriate PPE for your employees. . 40WAC 296-800-16020 Provide PPE to your employees. . 41WAC 296-800-16025 Train your employees to use PPE. . 44WAC 296-800-16030 Retrain employees to use PPE, if necessary. . 45WAC 296-800-16035 Document PPE training. . 45WAC 296-800-16040 Require your employees to use necessary PPE on the job. . 45WAC 296-800-16045 Keep PPE in safe and good condition. . 45WAC 296-800-16050 Make sure your employees use appropriate eye and faceprotection. 45Page ii
Chapter 296-800 WACTable of ContentsSafety and Health Core RulesWAC 296-800-16060 Make sure your employees use appropriate foot protection. . 47WAC 296-800-16065 Make sure your employees use appropriate hand protection. . 48WAC 296-800-16070 Make sure your employees are protected from drowning. . 48WAC 296-800-180 Safety data sheets (SDSs) as exposurerecords. . 50WAC 296-800-18005 Preserve exposure records for at least thirty years. 51WAC 296-800-18010 Inform current employees of exposure records. 51WAC 296-800-18015 Provide access to exposure records. . 52WAC 296-800-18020 Transfer records when ceasing to do business. 53WAC 296-800-190 Safety bulletin board. . 54WAC 296-800-19005 Provide a safety bulletin board in your workplace. . 54WAC 296-800-200 Job safety and health law poster. . 55WAC 296-800-20005 Post and keep a job safety and health law poster in yourworkplace. . 55WAC 296-800-210 Lighting. . 56WAC 296-800-21005 Provide and maintain adequate lighting. . 56WAC 296-800-220 Housekeeping, drainage, and storage. . 57WAC 296-800-22005 Keep your workplace clean. . 58WAC 296-800-22010 Sweep and clean your workplace to minimize dust. . 58WAC 296-800-22015 Keep your workplace free of obstacles that interfere withcleaning. . 58WAC 296-800-22020 Control pests in your workplace. . 58WAC 296-800-22022 Make sure floors are maintained in a safe condition. . 59WAC 296-800-22025 Keep your workroom floors dry, when practical. . 59Page iii
Chapter 296-800 WACTable of ContentsSafety and Health Core RulesWAC 296-800-22030 Provide proper drainage. . 59WAC 296-800-22035 Store things safely. . 59WAC 296-800-22040 Control vegetation in your storage areas. . 60WAC 296-800-230 Drinking water, bathrooms, washingfacilities and waste disposal. . 61WAC 296-800-23005 Provide safe drinking (potable) water in your workplace. . 62WAC 296-800-23010 Clearly mark the water outlets that are not fit for drinking(nonpotable). . 63WAC 296-800-23015 Make sure that systems delivering not-fit-for-drinking(nonpotable) water prevent backflow into drinking watersystems. . 64WAC 296-800-23020 Provide bathrooms for your employees. . 64WAC 296-800-23025 Provide convenient and clean washing facilities. . 65WAC 296-800-23040 Make sure eating areas are safe and healthy. . 66WAC 296-800-23045 Follow these requirements if you provide food service to youremployees. . 66WAC 296-800-23050 Dispose of garbage and waste safely. . 66WAC 296-800-23055 Remove garbage and waste in a way that does not create ahealth hazard. . 67WAC 296-800-23060 Provide a separate lunchroom if employees are exposed to toxicsubstances if they are allowed to eat and drink on the job site. . 67WAC 296-800-23065 Provide showers when required for employees working withchemicals. . 67WAC 296-800-23070 Provide change rooms when required. . 68WAC 296-800-23075 Make sure any work clothes you provide are dry. . 68WAC 296-800-240 Environmental tobacco smoke in theoffice. . 69WAC 296-800-24005 Prohibit tobacco smoke in your office work environment. . 69WAC 296-800-250 Stairs and stair railings. . 70WAC 296-800-25005 Provide fixed stairs where required. . 70Page iv
Chapter 296-800 WACTable of ContentsSafety and Health Core RulesWAC 296-800-25010 Provide stairs that minimize hazards. . 72WAC 296-800-25015 Provide handrails and stair railings. . 72WAC 296-800-270 Workplace structural integrity. . 74WAC 296-800-27005 Do not overload floors or roofs. 74WAC 296-800-27010 Make sure that floors are safe. . 74WAC 296-800-27015 Make sure floors can support equipment that moves or hasmotion. 75WAC 296-800-27020 Post approved load limits (weight limits) for floors. . 75WAC 296-800-280 Basic electrical rules. . 76WAC 296-800-28005 Inspect all electrical equipment your employees use to make surethe equipment is safe. . 78WAC 296-800-28010 Make sure all electrical equipment is used for its approved orlisted purpose. . 79WAC 296-800-28015 Make sure electrical equipment used or located in wet or damplocations is designed for such use. . 79WAC 296-800-28020 Make sure electrical equipment that is not marked is not used. 80WAC 296-800-28022 Identify disconnecting means. . 81WAC 296-800-28025 Maintain electrical fittings, boxes, cabinets and outlets in goodcondition. . 82WAC 296-800-28027 Working space around electrical equipment. . 82WAC 296-800-28030 Maintain all flexible cords and cables in good condition and usesafely. . 84WAC 296-800-28035 Guard electrical equipment to prevent your employees fromelectrical hazards. . 87WAC 296-800-28040 Make sure electrical equipment is effectively grounded. . 88WAC 296-800-28045 Make sure electrical equipment has overcurrent protection. . 92WAC 296-800-300 Portable fire extinguishers. . 93WAC 296-800-30005 Provide portable fire extinguishers in your workplace. . 94Page v
Chapter 296-800 WACTable of ContentsSafety and Health Core RulesWAC 296-800-30015 Make sure that portable fire extinguishers are kept fully charged,in operable condition, and left in their designated places. . 96WAC 296-800-30020 Inspect and test all portable fire extinguishers. . 96WAC 296-800-30025 Train your employees to use portable fire extinguishers. . 98WAC 296-800-310 Exit routes and employee alarmsystems. . 99WAC 296-800-31005 Provide an adequate number of exit routes. . 100WAC 296-800-31010 Make sure that exit routes are large enough. . 101WAC 296-800-31015 Make sure that exit routes meet their specific design andconstruction requirements. . 101WAC 296-800-31020 Make sure that each exit route leads outside. . 102WAC 296-800-31025 Provide unobstructed access to exit routes. . 102WAC 296-800-31030 Exit doors must be readily opened from the inside. . 102WAC 296-800-31040 Provide outdoor exit routes that meet these requirements. . 103WAC 296-800-31045 Minimize danger to employees while they are using emergencyexit routes. . 103WAC 296-800-31050 Mark exits adequately. . 103WAC 296-800-31055 Maintain the fire retardant properties of paints or othercoatings. . 104WAC 296-800-31060 Maintain emergency safeguards. . 104WAC 296-800-31065 Maintain exit routes during construction and repair. . 104WAC 296-800-31067 Provide doors in freezer or refrigerated rooms that open from theinside. . 104WAC 296-800-31070 Install and maintain an appropriate employee alarm system. . 105WAC 296-800-31075 Establish procedures for sounding emergency alarms. . 106WAC 296-800-31080 Test the employee alarm system. . 106WAC 296-800-320 Accident reporting and investigating. . 107WAC 296-800-32010 Make sure equipment involved in a work-related accident is notmoved. 107Page vi
Chapter 296-800 WACTable of ContentsSafety and Health Core RulesWAC 296-800-32015 Assign people to assist the department of labor andindustries. . 108WAC 296-800-32020 Conduct a preliminary investigation for all serious injuries. . 108WAC 296-800-32025 Document the preliminary investigation findings. . 109WAC 296-800-330 Releasing accident investigationreports. . 110WAC 296-800-340 Protecting the identity of the source ofconfidential information. . 111WAC 296-800-360 Using standards from nationalorganizations and federal agencies. . 112WAC 296-800-36005 Comply with standards of national organizations or federalagencies when referenced in WISHA rules. . 112Page vii
Chapter 296-800 WACSafety and Health Core RulesWAC 296-800-099 Definitions.Abatement action plans. Refers to your written plans for correcting a WISHA violation.Abatement date. The date on the citation when you must comply with specific safety andhealth standards listed on the citation and notice of assessment or the corrective notice ofredetermination.Acceptable. As used in Electrical, WAC 296-800-280 means an installation or equipment isacceptable to the director of labor and industries, and approved: If it is accepted, or certified, or listed, or labeled, or otherwise determined to be safe by anationally recognized testing laboratory; orWith respect to an installation or equipment of a kind which no nationally recognizedtesting laboratory accepts, certifies, lists, labels, or determines to be safe, if it is inspectedor tested by another federal agency, or by a state, municipal, or other local authorityresponsible for enforcing occupational safety provisions of the National Electrical Code,and found in compliance with the provisions of the National Electrical Code as applied inthis section; orWith respect to custom-made equipment or related installations which are designed,fabricated for, and intended for use by a particular customer, if it is determined to be safefor its intended use by its manufacturer on the basis of test data which the employer keepsand makes available for inspection to the director and his/her authorized representatives.Refer to federal regulation 29 C.F.R. 1910.7 for definition of nationally recognizedtesting laboratory.Accepted. As used in Electrical, WAC 296-800-280 means an installation is accepted if it hasbeen inspected and found by a nationally recognized testing laboratory to conform to specifiedplans or to procedures of applicable codes.Access. As used in safety data sheets (SDSs) as exposure records, WAC 296-901-14014 meansthe right and opportunity to examine and copy exposure records.Affected employees. As used in WISHA appeals, penalties and other procedural rules, WAC296-800-350 means employees exposed to hazards identified as violations in a citation.Analysis using exposure or medical records. An analysis using exposure records or medical records can be any collection of data or astatistical study. It can be based on either:–– Partial or complete information from individual employee exposure or medicalrecords; orInformation collected from health insurance claim records.The analysis is not final until it has been:––Reported to the employer; orCompleted by the person responsible for the analysis.ANSI. This is an acronym for the American National Standards Institute.Page 1
Chapter 296-800 WACSafety and Health Core RulesApproved. Approved by the director of the department of labor and industries or their authorizedrepresentative, or by an organization that is specifically named in a rule, such asUnderwriters' Laboratories (UL), Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), or theNational Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).As used in Electrical, WAC 296-800-280 means acceptable to the authority enforcing thissection. The authority enforcing this section is the director of labor and industries. Thedefinition of acceptable indicates what is acceptable to the director and thereforeapproved.Assistant director. The assistant director for the WISHA services division at the department oflabor and industries or his/her designated representative.ASTM. This is an acronym for American Society for Testing and Materials.Attachment plug or plug. As used in the basic electrical rules, WAC 296-800-280 means theattachment at the end of a flexible cord or cable that is part of a piece of electrical equipment.When it is inserted into an outlet or receptacle, it connects the conductors supplying electricalpower from the outlet to the flexible cable.Bare conductor. A conductor that does not have any covering or insulation.Bathroom. A room maintained within or on the premises of any place of employment,containing toilets that flush for use by employees.Biological agents. Organisms or their by-products.Board. As used in WISHA appeals, penalties and other procedural rules, WAC 296-800-350means the board of industrial insurance appeals.Ceiling. An exposure limit that must not be exceeded during any part of the employee'sworkday. The ceiling must be determined over the shortest time period feasible and should notexceed fifteen minutes.Certification. As used in WISHA appeals, penalties and other procedural rules, WAC 296-800350 means refers to an employer's written statement describing when and how a citationviolation was corrected.C.F.R. This is an acronym for Code of Federal Regulations.Chemical. Any element, chemical compound, or mixture of elements and/or compounds.Chemical agents (airborne or contact). A chemical agent is any of the following: Airborne chemical agent which is any of the following:–Dust, solid particles suspended in air, that are created by actions such as: Handling.Drilling.Crushing.Grinding.Rapid impact.Detonation.Decrepitation of organic or inorganic materials such as rock, ore, metal, coal,wood, and grain.Page 2
Chapter 296-800 WACSafety and Health Core Rules–––Fume, solid particles suspended in air, that are created by condensation from thegaseous state.Gas, a normally formless fluid, such as air, which can be changed to the liquid orsolid state by the effect of increased pressure or decreased temperature or both.Mist, liquid droplets suspended in air. Mist is created by: –Vapor. The gaseous form of a substance that is normally in the solid or liquid state. –––Condensation from the gaseous to the liquid state; orConverting a liquid into a dispersed state with actions such as splashing,foaming, spraying or atomizing.Contact chemical agent which is any of the following:Corrosive. A substance that, upon contact, causes destruction of living tissue bychemical action, including acids with a pH of 2.5 or below or caustics with a pH of11.0 or above.Irritant. A substance that will induce a local inflammatory reaction upon immediate,prolonged, or repeated contact with normal living tissue.Toxicant. A substance that has the inherent capacity to produce personal injury orillness to individuals by absorption through any body surface.Chemical manufacturer. An employer with a workplace where one or more chemicals areproduced for use or distribution.Chemical name. The scientific designation of a chemical in accordance with one of thefollowing: The nomenclature system developed by the International Union of Pure and AppliedChemistry (IUPAC).The Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) rules of nomenclature.A name which will clearly identify the chemical for the purpose of conducting a hazardevaluation.Circuit breaker. Is a device used to manually open or close a circuit. This device will also open the circuitautomatically and without damage to the breaker when a predetermined overcurrent isapplied. (600 volts nominal or less.)Is a switching device capable of making, carrying, and breaking currents under normalcircuit conditions, and also making, carrying for a specified time, and breaking currentsunder specified abnormal circuit conditions, such as those of short circuit. (Over 600volts nominal.)Citation. Refers to the citation and notice issued to an employer for any violation of WISHAsafety and health rules. A citation and notice may be referred to as a citation and notice ofassessment but is more commonly referred to as a citation.Commercial account. As used in Hazard communication, WAC 296-901-140 means anarrangement in which a retail distributor sells hazardous chemical(s) to an employer, generally inlarge quantities over time, and/or at costs that are below the regular retail price.Common name. As used in Hazard communication, WAC 296-901-140 means any designationor identification such as:Page 3
Chapter 296-800 WACSafety and Health Core Rules Code name.Code number.Trade name.Brand name.Generic name used to identify a chemical other than by its chemical name.Compressed gas. A gas or mixture of gases that, when in a container, has an absolute pressureexceeding: 40 psi at 70 F (21.1 C); or104 psi at 130 F (54.4 C) regardless of the pressure at 70 F (21.1 C).Compressed gas can also mean a liquid with a vapor pressure that exceeds 40 psi at 100 F(37.8 C).Conductor. Wire that transfers electric power.Container. As used in Hazard communication, WAC 296-901-140 means any container, exceptfor pipes or piping systems, that contains a hazardous chemical. It can be any of the following: Bag.Barrel.Bottle.Box.Can.Cylinder.Drum.Reaction vessel.Storage tank.Correction date. The date by which a violation must be corrected. Final orders or extensionsthat give additional time to make corrections establish correction dates. A correction dateestablished by an order of the board of industrial insurance appeals remains in effect during anycourt appeal unless the court suspends the date.Corrective notice. Refers to a notice changing a citation and is issued by the department after acitation has been appealed.Corrosive. A substance that, upon contact, causes destruction of living tissue by chemicalaction, including acids with a pH of 2.5 or below or caustics with a pH of 11.0 or above.Covered conductor. A conductor that is covered by something else besides electricalinsulation.Damp location. As used in basic electrical rules, WAC 296-800-280 means partially protectedareas that are exposed to moderate moisture. Outdoor examples include roofed open porches andmarquees. Interior examples include basements and barns.Department. Those portions of the department of labor and industries responsible for enforcingthe Washington Industrial Safety Act (WISHA).Page 4
Chapter 296-800 WACSafety and Health Core RulesDesignated representative. Any individual or organization to which an employee gives written authorization.A recognized or certified collective bargaining agent without regard to writtenauthorization.The legal representative of a deceased or legally incapacitated employee.Director. The director means the director of the department of labor and industries or theirdesignee.Distributor. A business, other than a chemical manufacturer or importer, that supplieshazardous chemicals to other distributors or to employers.Documentation. As used in WISHA appeals, penalties and other procedural rules, WAC 296800-350 means material that you submit to prove that a correction is completed. Documentationincludes, but is not limited to, photographs, receipts for materials and/or labor.Dry location. As used in basic electrical rules, WAC 296-800-280 means areas not normallysubjected to damp or wet conditions. Dry locations may become temporarily damp or wet, suchas when constructing a building.Dust. Solid particles suspended in air that are created by actions such as: Handling.Drilling.Crushing.Grinding.Rapid impact.Detonation.Decrepitation of organic or inorganic materials such as rock, ore, metal, coal, wood, andgrain.Electrical outlets. Places on an electric circuit where power is supplied to equipment throughreceptacles, sockets, and outlets for attachment plugs.Emergency washing facilities. Emergency washing facilities are emergency showers,eyewashes, eye/face washes, hand-held drench hoses, or other similar units.Employee. Based on chapter 49.17 RCW, the term employee and other terms of like meaning,unless the context of the provision containing such term indicates otherwise, means an employeeof an employer who is employed in the business of his or her employer whether by way ofmanual labor or otherwise and every person in this state who is engaged in the employment of orwho is working under an independent contract the essence of which is personal labor for anemployer under this standard whether by way of manual labor or otherwise.Employee exposure record. As used in safety data sheets (SDSs) as exposure records, WAC296-901-14014 means a record containing any of the following kinds of information: Environmental (workplace) monitoring or measuring of a toxic substance or harmfulphysical agent, including personal, area, grab, wipe, or other form of sampling, as well asrelated collection and analytical methodologies, calculations, and other background datarelevant to interpretation of the results obtained;Page 5
Chapter 296-800 WACSafety and Health Core Rules Biological monitoring results which directly assess the absorption of a toxic substance orharmful physical agent by body systems (e.g., the level of a chemical in the blood, urine,breath, hair, fingernails, etc.) but not including results which assess the bi
Chapter 296-800 WAC Introduction Safety and Health Core Rules _ Chapter 296-800 WAC Safety & Health Core Rules (Form Number F414-059-000) This book contains the Safety & Health Core Rules, as adopted under the Washington Industrial Safety and Health Act of 1973 (Chapter 49.17 RCW). The rules in this book are effective March, 2022.