Human Systems Community of InterestDr. Michelle Zbylut – CoI ChairDr. Kendy Vierling - Personalized Assessment, Education, and TrainingDr. Mark Draper – Systems Interfaces and Cognitive ProcessesDr. Mike LaFiandra – Protection, Sustainment and Warfighter PerformanceDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-116631

Vision and MissionVISIONDevelop and deliver technologies to enable, sustain, enhance, and quantify humanperformance for measurably improved mission effectiveness.ENABLESUSTAINMISSIONEnhance mission effectiveness through: Integrated simulations for mission training, experimentationHuman-machine designs for mission effectivenessAssessment of operator effectivenessProtecting operators through battlespace stressorsMastering the political, military, economic, social, infrastructure, and informationsystems (PMESII) battle spaceDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-116632

Human Systems Community of InterestActive MembershipSTEERING GROUPDr. John Tangney (Navy)Dr. Patrick Mason (Navy)Dr. Rajesh Naik (AF Acting)Ms. Lisa Sanders (SOCOM)Dr. Ben Petro (OUSD)Dr. Corde Lane (Army)Dr. Thomas Davis (Army)Dr. Michelle Zbylut (Army)Dr. Robb Wilcox (Army)WORKING GROUPDr. Kelly Ervin (Army)Ms. Rachel Weatherless (Army)Dr. Jessie Chen (Army)Dr. Jill McQuade (AF)Personalized Assessment, Education,and TrainingDr. Kendy Vierling (USMC)Dr. Ben Files (Army)Mr. Rodney Long (Army)Dr. Pete Khooshabehadeh (Army)Dr. Greg Ruark (Army)Dr. Sae Schatz (ADL)Dr. Harold Hawkins (Navy)LCDR Pete Walker (Navy)Dr. Mark Livingston (Navy)Dr. Jim Pharmer (Navy)Dr. Ray Perez (Navy)Dr. Melissa Walwanis (Navy)Dr. Shannon Salyer (OPA)Dr. Michael Nugent (DLNSEO)Dr. Kimberly Pollard (Army)Dr. Glenn Gunzelmann (AF)Ms. Roxanne Constable (AF)LCDR Jacob Norris (Navy)Ms. Karen Gregorczyk (Army)Dr. Paul Chatelier (Navy)Dr. Kristy Hentchel (Navy)LTCol Eric Midboe (OUSD)SUB-AREASProtection, Sustainment, and WarfighterPerformanceDr. Peter Squire (Navy)Dr. Mike LaFiandra (Army)Dr. John Ramsay (Army)Ms. Betty Davis (Army)LCDR Josh Swift (Navy)Dr. Karl Van Orden (Navy)Dr. Sandra Chapman (Navy)Dr. Kristy Hentchel (Navy)Mr. Keith King (Navy)Dr. Curt Grigsby (AF)Dr. John Schlager (AF)Dr. Morgan Schmidt (AF)Dr. Kendy Vierling (USMC)Systems Interfaces and CognitiveProcessesDr. Mark Draper (AF)Dr. Laurie Fenstermacher (AF)Dr. Jeff Palumbo (AF)Dr. Tammy Chelette (AF/ Autonomy CoI)Mr. Ed Davis (AF)Mr. Eric Hansen (AF)Dr. Tom McKenna (Navy)Dr. Jeff Morrison (Navy)Dr. Rebecca Goolsby (Navy)Dr. Katherine Cox (Army)Dr. Caroline Mahoney (Army)Dr. Jeff Hansberger (Army)Dr. Edward Palazzolo (Army)Dr. Lisa Troyer (Army)Dr. Dale Russell (Navy)Dr. Dan Zelick (AF)Dr. Jennifer Serres (Army)DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-116633

Service Demand SignalsDoD2018 National Defense StrategyClose Combat Lethality TaskForceArmyThe Army VisionThe Army StrategyU.S Army Modernization StrategyThe Army People StrategyNavyA Design for Maintaining MaritimeSuperiorityMilitary readiness more lethal forcePerformance optimization; sustained mission readiness in extreme environmentsOptimize the physical preparedness of personnelPrepare squad through realistic training in immersive high-stress environmentSmart, thoughtful, innovative leaders new talent mgt-based personnel systemSoldier lethality spanning shooting, moving, communicating, protecting, sustainingNext Generation Combat Vehicle: Human and non-human teams at new levelsRapid expansion of synthetic training environments, simulations capabilitiesAugmented Warfighter Priority: Enhance decision-making and Human-Machine teamingScience-based practices to support leader development, better decision makingNaval R&D: A Framework forAccelerating to the Navy andMarine Corps After NextAir ForceScalable Lethality: Enable directed energy (low cost, high precision standoff strike)Human-Machine Interface: Right information right person right time right decisionAir Force Future Operating Concept Agile innovative airmen in performance optimized teams for multi domain operationsThe Science and Technology 2030Rapid effective decision makingInitiativeDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-116634

Human Systems CoI TaxonomySub-AreasThrustsPersonnel Selection and AssignmentPersonalized Assessment,Education, and TrainingTraining Design, Assessment, and ReadinessMonitoringAdvanced Learning TechnologiesUnderstanding Human/Cognitive ProcessingSystem Interfaces andCognitive ProcessesHuman-Machine Interaction and AidingSystem Level Interfaces and TeamingSensing, Monitoring, and AssessmentProtection, Sustainment,and Warfighter PerformanceEnhancement Technologies and TechniquesDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-116635

Mutual CoI-to-CoI ResearchInterestsBiomedical CoIAutonomy Autonomous medical evacuation Biomedical modeling andsimulation Predictors of mental health andmedical attrition Modernization of biotechnologydata and analytics infrastructureBiotechnology CoI Human-Machine Teaming (HMT) Verification and Validation (V&V) TrustC4I Human Decision MakingDE Bioeffects Human Machine Teaming (HMT)CWMDCyber Dark web concerns Social network analysis Counter-terrorism research Cyber selection and training Cyber situational awarenessBiomedical, Sensors, CWMDWearable physiological monitorsDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-116636

Industry EngagementIndependent Research & DevelopmentMeetings IR&D TIMs Upcoming in June 2020TechnologyInterchange– Co-hosted by HS/Biomedical/Biotech CoIs– This engagement has broad goals to increase awareness, stimulatecollaboration, and seek alignment between industry’s IR&D innovationinvestments and DoD’s high-priority science and technology needs andcorresponding acquisition sustainment roadmaps.– Participants: DTRA, DARPA, Army, Navy, Air Force, USMC, others– nology-interchange-meetings/ADL iFest - August 30, 2021 - September 1, 2021I/ITSEC – December 2021DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-116637

Academic CollaborationsCenters of Excellence Human-Machine Teaming at Carnegie Mellon Biotechnology at Northwestern Directed Energy Bioeffects Institute (DEBI) TUFTS– Center for Applied Brain and Cognitive SciencesMultidisciplinary University Research Initiatives Active Perception and Knowledge Exploitation in Navigation and Spatial Awareness Neural Circuits Underlying Symbolic Processing in Primate Cortex and Basal Ganglia A Computational Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Understanding Event Representation andEpisodic MemoryARL Open CampusARL's Open Campus is a collaborative endeavor, with the goal of building a science and technologyecosystem that will encourage groundbreaking advances in basic and applied research areas ofrelevance to the Army. Through the Open Campus framework, ARL scientists and engineers (S&Es) willwork collaboratively and side-by-side with visiting scientists in ARL's facilities, and as visitingresearchers at collaborators' institutions.DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-116638

1.0Personalized Assessment,Education, and TrainingRight Person, Right Job, Right SkillsVISIONA readiness ecosystem that ensures the right person has the knowledge, skills, andexperiences to be mission ready for the 21st century operating environmentTechnologies: Virtual, Augmented, & Mixed Reality andIntelligent Tutors across the Training SpectrumMetrics: Selection,Assignment, &Training AssessmentModels: Readinessand PerformanceMonitoringPractices: LearningSciences adapted toMilitary NeedsOPERATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES: Train-as-we-fight opportunities with Live Virtual Constructive(LVC) environments for current and future systems Learning environments tailored to training objectives Advanced learning technologies that facilitate personalizationand deliberate practice at the point-of-need Technological advances that enable new training paradigms Individualized, proficiency-based assessments of trainingeffectiveness and operational performance Talent management functions personalized through big dataENDURING CHALLENGES: Increased technological parity with adversaries Inadequate ranges for training advance weapon systemcapabilities (e.g., 5th gen aircraft, residential encroachment) Live training potentially reveals capabilities to adversaries Dynamic, evolving operational environments and adversaries Requirements outpace opportunities and resources to train Ineffectiveness of one-size-fits-all, Industrial Age training Sparse data for manpower, education, and training decisions Limited capacity to leverage personnel diversityDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

UNCLASSIFIED // FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLYPAE&TTaxonomy1.01.1 Personnel Selection and Assignment1.1.1: Individualized Measures of Aptitude1.1.2: Career-Long Outcome Measures (area to further explore)1.1.3: Predictive Models for Performance and Retention1.2 Training Design, Assessment, and Readiness Monitoring1.2.1: Data and Learning SciencesTECH/CAPABILITY GAPS: Developing and integrating predictor measures that haveindividualized precision Developing or improving measures of operational performanceand behavior that could inform decisions about career trajectoryand future assignments Integrating currently stove-piped predictive models that arebased on more than just group probabilities1.2.2: Cognitive and Performance Modeling Warehousing and using (big) proficiency-based performancemeasures to inform training and operational decisions1.2.3: Innovative Training Design and Methodologies Adapting learning sciences to military contexts1.3 Advanced Learning Technologies Conducting training and assessment in human-machine teams1.3.1: VR/AR/MR and Integrated Simulations Developing and employing models, agents, and algorithms assynthetic training entities and for real-time readiness monitoring1.3.2: Intelligent Tutoring Systems Securely integrating LVC environments Assessing virtual, augmented, and mixed reality technologies fortraining Creating software instructors for personalized traininginterventionsDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

PAE&TSuccess Stories1.0Advancing the State-of-the-Art in Distributed Learning ThroughPublic OutreachChallenge: During pandemic restrictions, many DoD components needed a forumfor interagency, industry, and academic sharing of distributed learning technologies,best practices, policies, and programs.Accomplishments: Successful transition of annual iFEST conference from in-person to virtual format. Created an interactive conference portal and event agenda featuring seniorexecutives, thought leaders, and project managers. Registration for the virtual 2020 event surpassed in-person participation in 2019by 25%, and content also increased by 25%. Virtual event access remains open through end of 2020.DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

1.0PAE&TSuccess StoriesConnected, Device-Assisted Learning, Anytime AnywhereChallenge: Use emerging technologies to improve access to training, increase knowledge retention, and allow training dataanalytics: Personalized eBooks for Learning (PeBL).Accomplishments: Developed ePub3 standard and PeBL eBook reader which improves learner engagement through enhanced contentpersonalization and new forms of interactivity. Instrumented with the Experience API (xAPI) to standardize learner data collection, sharing, and analytics. Upcoming deployment of PeBL enhanced version of Marine Corps Doctrinal Publication-7 Learning, to 180K Marines.Expected in early FY21.DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

PAE&TSuccess Stories1.0DoD-Wide Interoperability for Education andTraining SystemsEducation and Training Acquisition ReformChallenge: Connect disparate, siloed education andtraining systems into an interoperable ecosystem thatleverages enterprise data analytics to improve readinessand reduce costs.Challenge: Improve how DoD buys and maintains digitallearning software and services.Accomplishments:Accomplishments: Total Learning Architecture “reference implementation”is now being demonstrated in collaborations with DHA,NAWCTSD, NETC, AETC, TRADOC, PEOSTRI, DAU,NPS, DCSA/CDSE, and others. Part of CMO-led Enterprise Digital LearningModernization reform effort, approved in July 2018. Multiple commercial interoperability standardsestablished for learner data collection and sharing. Acquisition focus includes eliminating redundancies,maximizing shared services, and streamliningprocurement of education/training products and servicesacross the DoD. Prototype tools and technologies developed to facilitatethe adoption and deployment of the next generation ofeducation and training products. OPM’s USALearning providing “Assisted Acquisition”portal to leverage DoD buying power throughprocurement services. Streamlined DevSecOps pipeline to expedite integrationand testing of learning technologies and products. USALearning DoD Assisted Acquisition guide developedand targeted for September release/distribution.DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

1.0PAE&TUpcomingProductsUpcomingProductsEnterprise Digital Learning Modernization (EDLM) Reform EffortEnterprise Course CatalogPortals federate local course catalog data from different DoD componentsinto a single defense-wide directory with semantic search capabilities.DoD users will be able to experience one seamless interface to discover allDoD course information instead of going to multiple locations. Aggregates tens-of-thousands of DoD course listings Uses commercial standards (IEEE P2881) to harmonize how courses aredescribed (better support of big data, AI/ML, and analytics) Makes all DoD course catalogs interoperable & reduces duplications Anticipate developmental testing in FY21; anticipate Initial OperationalCapability in FY22Enterprise Learner Record RepositoryA federated data fabric of learner data that relies on commercial standardsand APIs to expose traditionally stove piped learner data across the DoDenterprise.Maintains ownership and stewardship of the data with existing owners. Expose education/training outcome data in an interoperable, career-longsystem A federated solution to look at learner records from across the DoD Learning data pulled from existing, authoritative sources Currently working on R&D; anticipate early testing in FY21DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-1166314

2.0Systems Interfaces &Cognitive ProcessesEffective, Natural Human-Machine TeamingVISIONWarfighters teamed with agents and machines through intuitive, individualized, and adaptiveinteractions that enhance mission effectiveness.Multi-Domain OperationsManned-Unmanned TeamingOPERATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES: Enhance warfighter effectiveness by coupling humans &intelligent machines to maximize performance in the fog of war Real-time measurement, assessment and prediction ofwarfighter performance & functional state Adaptive human-machine interfaces for optimized weaponsystem and warfighter performance in contested environments Rapid, intuitive decision aiding & course of action analyses Manage perceptual abilities to exploit information throughput Field demonstrations in applied environmentsTeam Performance AssessmentQuantified WarriorENDURING CHALLENGES/NEEDS: Mission effectiveness metrics & baselining Workflow models for teams Robust cognitive models & architectures for autonomous agents Multisensory adaptive interfaces that enhance, not interfere Robust, reliable natural language interfaces Dynamic calibration of system transparency to need Contextually aware dynamic decision support Tools for individual & team functional state assessment (Sensors& Algorithms) Identification of biomarkers for operator performance Coordination methods for teams of multi-adaptive systems. Interfaces that adapt to individual differencesDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

UNCLASSIFIED // FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLYSICPTaxonomy2.02.1 Understanding Human/Cognitive Processing [WITHIN HUMAN]2.1.1: Perception (Unitary and Multi-sensory)2.1.2: Dynamic Operator Functional State Assessment2.1.3: Cog Neuroscience/Performance AugmentationTECH/CAPABILITY GAPS: Perception research– especially in areas ofmulti-sensory modeling/exploitation Design guidelines for reliable, real-timeassessment of operator functional state2.2 Human-Machine Interaction and Aiding [HUMAN-MACHINE] Joint cognitive H-A decision making2.2.1: Advanced Interface Methods (Adaptive, Multi-modal) Baselining for envisioned capabilities2.2.2: Intelligent Decision Aiding/Support Foundational research on distributed H-H-A2.2.3: Dynamic/Adaptive Task Allocation and Authority Transfer2.2.4: Trust Calibration & Transparencyteaming affordances Team performance metrics development2.3 System Level Interfaces & Teaming [HUMAN-SYSTEM]2.3.1: System Analyses and HSI (Organization)2.3.2: Team Processes, Performance, & Metrics (Shared SA;Cohesion)2.3.3: Data Analytics/ Socio-Cultural Analytics/ Exploitation Tools2.3.4: System Interface Design and ApplicationDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

2.0SICPSuccess StoriesMASTR-E Collaborating on COTS sensor-based study to advance COVID-19 earlypredictors and human performance researchChallenge: CCDC SC MASTR-E Program will lead a symptomology and physiology data collection inactive duty military cohort to support model development and testing of susceptibility to illness predictivealgorithms.Technical Approach: This tri-service (CCDC SC, NHRC, AFRL) and academia team, will support U.S.Army Medical Research and Development Command’s (MRDC’s) Military Infectious Disease andMilitary Operational Medicine Research Program, by teaming with 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment,2nd BCT, 10th Mountain Division (LI) to monitor up to 1000 Soldiers for a period of 1 year to understandhow physiological, cognitive, and behavioral data can lead to understanding this susceptibility.Impact: This approach will enable short term targeted testing of the most vulnerable, maintain unit readinessand support long term idea of a predictive algorithm evaluation that enable screening and triage forunit members while maintaining the end objective of optimizing the human weapon system.DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

Development and Evaluation of In-Cockpit Cursor Controlfor Display Interaction: RHINO POINTINGChallenge 5th/6th--Gen aircraft will have Large Area Display touch screen Use violates HOTAS philosophy for fighter aircraft ops Precision suffers in dynamic conditions (e.g., vibration) Eye tracking (ET) technology not currently suitable for cockpit useSolution Rhino Pointing (RP): Team (AFRL, TPS, U of Iowa) developed in-cockpitprototype head-slaved cursor systemApproach In-house lab development/evaluation prior to in-flight testing AFRL/OPL integrated system 7 TPS pilots flew total of 14 sorties comparing RP, ET, and TouchResults Each method judged to have military utility; complementary Operator-recommended future interface combining strengths of each Arango Memorial Award winner for Society of Experimental Test Pilots paper18DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

2.0SICPSuccess StoriesOperator focus on Space C2Joint Emergent Operational Need (JEON)Challenge:Space operators need interfaces to integrate data related to space threats to promote SA/Tech Approach:Developed 2 apps aimed at situation analysis and “at-a-glance” overview centered on: Impact,likelihood, and urgency of emerging threats.The 711th has transitioned multiple technologies related to space C2. Most recently, RH lead one ofthe lines-of-effort (LOE) for the AFRL/RV-lead Space C2 Joint Emergent Operational Need(JEON). This LOE entailed establishing an overarching human-system interface (HSI) for the collectionof applications* used by the new National Space Defense Center (NSDC). This HSI was developed in3 segments related to Awareness, Action and OverviewAccomplishment/Impact:Transitioned to National Space Defense Center in July 2020DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

Innovations in Distributed ExperimentationDuring COVIDChallenge COVID-19 stay-home order put abrupt halt on in-house research activities Direct study oversight and use of specialized equipment/facilities no longer feasible Requirement to conduct research that informs adaptive interface development remained However, variable research constraints necessitated multiple remote testing capabilitiesApproach1) Utilize contemporary meeting/video collaboration apps (e.g., Zoom) to collect unclassified researchdata on analytics of sense-making2)Develop new research kit on portable platform (Android tablet) for communication and perceptionresearch, ensuring stimulus control for highly-trained subjects20DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

UNCLASSIFIED // FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLYSICPThrusts and Focus Areas2.0ArmyNavyAFOtherUnderstanding Human/Cognitive Processing [WITHINHUMAN]FYDP20192.1.1 Perception (unitary and Multi-Sensory)Multisensory Perception and Multimodal Displays2.1.2 Dynamic operator functional state assessmentCognitive Performance OptimizationAdaptive Soldier ArchitectureA&A Campaign Zero Sum Moves Human Analysis Methodology for CEMAContinuous Multi-faceted Soldier Characterization for Adaptive Technology (Human Variability)Multiscale Modeling2.1.3 Cog Neuroscience/Performance augmentationApplied Adaptive AidingMonitoring, Predicting and Optimizing Battlespace AwarenessSoldier Focused NeurotechnologiesDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663202020212022202320242025

UNCLASSIFIED // FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLYSICPThrusts and Focus Areas2.0ArmyNavyAFOtherHuman-Machine Interaction and Aiding [HUMANMACHINE]FYDP20192.2.1 Advanced Interface MethodsVisual Interactive Exploratory Data Analysis (VIEDA)Human Interaction with Adaptive Automation (HIAA)Human-Robot InteractionBrain-Computer InteractionAutonomy, Artificial Intelligence, and RoboticsExplainable Intelligence Underlying Efficient Integration of Cognitive-assist AgentsEnhanced Tactical CommunicationsVisualization of Fused InfoHuman Language Technology2.2.2 Intelligent Decision aiding/supportNovel Human-Intelligent Agent InteractionsUnderstanding Sociocultural BehaviorMine Counter Measures Task Force PlanningHuman-agent Interactions for Intelligent Squad WeaponsISR Analyst Performance2.2.3 Dynamic/adaptive task allocation and Authority TransferDecision Authority Delegation (DAD)Human Insight and Trust (HIT)2.2.4 Trust calibration & transparencyDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663202020212022202320242025

UNCLASSIFIED // FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLYSICPThrusts and Focus Areas2.0ArmyNavyAFOtherSystem Level Interfaces & Teaming [HUMAN-SYSTEM]FYDP20192.3.1 System analyses and HSIEarly Human Systems IntegrationHuman Factors and Organizational Design2.3.2 Team processes, performance, and metricsNGCV Human-intelligent Agent Performance Assessment ToolsCrew Capability EnhancementCoordination-promoting agents for maximizing team performance2.3.3 Data analytics/exploitation toolsInformation Environment Assessment Nexus2.3.4 System Interface Design and ApplicationVigilant Spirit - Multi Role Control Station (VS-MRCS)Cross-Domain unmanned Systems (C-D UxS)Operational Planning ToolManned and Unmanned Common Planning PictureModernizing Terrain Generation for USMC M&SSoldier Performance in Sociotechnical EnvironmentsAdaptive Teamwork with Layered Airman-Machine Interfaces and Systems (ATLAS)Mission Planning & DebriefBATMAN IIIDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663202020212022202320242025

Protection, Sustainment, andWarfighter Performance3.0Ensuring Warfighter Safety and SurvivabilityVISIONEnable superiority of Warfighters by understanding and overcoming operationalstressors, and providing protection from threats in their environment.Nutrition and SustainmentExoskeletons for PhysicalAugmentationWearable sensor technologyProtection and performanceoptimizationOPERATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES:ENDURING CHALLENGES: Ubiquitous and unobtrusive real-world, real-timeperformance assessment will provide information onwarfighter readiness Optimizing Warfighter performance by understanding theimpact of individual differences Enhanced technologies for optimization of warfighter loadresulting in reduction in metabolic cost and increase inoperational performance Optimized nutrition to modulate and enhance health andperformance Real-world, real-time performance assessment relies on largeamounts of data and advanced algorithms that have not yet beendeveloped. Differences in the ways individuals respond to stress requireindividualized models that account for human variability in orderto optimize performance. Warfighters are exposed to combinatorial stressors thatcomplicate study outcomes related to stress-induced health andperformance decrements Transitioning from correlative biological measures to causativeperformance outcomesDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

UNCLASSIFIED // FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLYPSWPTaxonomy3.0TECH/CAPABILITY GAPS:3.1 Sensing, Monitoring, and Assessment3.1.1: Sensing and Monitoring3.1.2: Assessment3.2 Enhancement Technologies andTechniques3.2.1: Training Enhancements3.2.2: Physical Augmentation3.2.3: Molecular Interventions & Treatments Sensor technology and the data collection/analysis infrastructurethat is needed in order to collection real-time real worldperformance data, and make that data useful, are lacking. Algorithms that account for the influence of human variability onwarfighter performance need to be developed. Understanding the who, what, when, and how concerning theapplication of materiel and non-material enhancementinterventions (e.g. neurostimulation) Understanding of how the gut microbiome responds to exposures(military stressors, nutrient intake), impacts of these responses onnutrition status and performance, and whether nutritioninterventions could modulate this axis to optimize warfighterperformance is lackingDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

3.0PSWPSuccess StoriesAuthority to Operate Certification for HumanPerformance Data Management SystemChallenge: The challenge of this effort between ONR and the Air Force Research Laboratory was to investigate thedevelopment, implementation and utility of a Human Performance Management Platform (HPMP) for both data collection andanalytics to support measurement, assessments, and tracking of human performance metrics at select military pilot sites. Thenext step was to then demonstrate enabling capability as a prevention based countermeasure, both of which were accomplished.S&T Accomplishments: ONR and Air Force Research Labs project deployment of HPMP to Marine Corps, Naval Special Warfare, and Air Force sites. These activities informed USSOCOM’s decision to move forward with this HPMP solution across the SOF-Enterprise USSOCOM obtained Authority to Operate (ATO) certification Jun 20 for Smartabase HPMP to support the Preservation of theForce and Family (POTFF) programDISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

3.0PSWPSuccess StoriesDoD Sleep MeetingONR led a key DoD meeting on sleep research with the goals of1) establishing awareness of ongoing DoD funded research focused on sleep and its role in Human Performance2) improving alignment amongst the services3) providing opportunities for collaboration.The two-day event brought together over 100 researchers, stakeholders, and operators with the common interest of optimizing thehealth, readiness, and performance of the Joint Force.It also showcased outstanding basic, applied, and advanced technology development sleep research through 34 briefs from 20groups which included DoD labs, academia, and industry where researchers presented their work.Retired and active duty operators representing the Army, Navy, Air Force Special Forces also shared their operational experience andthe effect sleep has played in their jobs and on their lives.Results: Several prominent and emerging areas of focus were identified in DoD sleep research, such as scheduling & modeling,sleep assessment, and biomarkers of sleep debt/fatigue. This was coupled with existing roadblocks and challenges hinderinginteragency collaboration (e.g. overwhelming administrative burden). A path forward is currently under development and there will bean overview document on DoD sleep requirements, notable papers, and an overview slide deck of the DoD funded research efforts.DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A DOPSR Case 21-S-11663

3.0PSWPSuccess StoriesIntegrated Cockpit Sensing (ICS)This effort was established to allow real-time pilot alerting to physiological issues in flight while collecting and storingsensor data for root cause analysis. The program was also to address gaps in flight-compatible component sensortechnologies and reduce false alarm rate through data fusion. The challenge was high-TRL sensor component integrationwith common data storage platform and standalone pilot alerting capabilities to enhance pilot decision making given anyunexplained physiological events in flight.S&T Accomplishments: Completed benchtop testing, static aircraft seat evaluations, dynamic physiological sensor evaluations, upper pressure garmentevaluations, centrifuge evaluations and lastly, hanging harness evaluations. The Lockheed Martin, In-Cockpit Physiological Monitoring program utilized pilot mounted physiological sensors, feeding pilothealth messages via their Open Mission Systems to enable cockpit integrated cautions and warnings. The close-out demonstrationpostponed due to travel restrictions during the COVID pandemic. Conducted 77th Fighter Squadron Flight Test over 8 weeks at Shaw and Nellis AFB, collecting 77 hours of in-flight data by outfittingF-16 pilots with sensors to monitor cabin pressure during training missions. Goal was to determine if depressurization was thecause of physiologic symptoms while also testing device efficacy. The sensors recorded t

Cyber Cyber selection and training Cyber situational awareness Biomedical, Sensors, CWMD . -This engagement has broad goals to increase awareness, stimulate collaboration, and seek alignment between industry's IR&D innovation . Challenge: Improve how DoD buys and maintains digital learning software and services.