AB 19 (Santiago)The California Community College PromiseBill SummaryAB 19 creates the California Community College(CCC) Promise Program to provide tuition-freeeducation at a CCC for one academic year for allfirst-time, full-time (12 units or more) students.Need for AB 19In 2025, California faces an estimated shortageof one million college degree and certificateholders needed to sustain the state’sworkforce.Existing LawThe CCC Board of Governor’s Fee Waiver(BOGFW) waives enrollment fees ( 46/unit) forstudents who (1) meet residency criteria; (2)maintain minimum academic and progressstandards; and (3) demonstrate financial needvia various methods (Education Code § 76300).To help meet this demand, AB 19 enacts a CCCPromise Program to provide a year of tuitionfree education to all first-time, full-time, CCCstudents.BackgroundIn 2015, former President Obama proposed twoyears of tuition-free community college foreligible students. Modeled off the TennesseePromise (which provides two years tuition-freeat a community or technical college inTennessee to certain state residents) andCalifornia’s own Long Beach Promise (whichprovides one year tuition-free to eligiblestudents), Obama’s proposal has promptedextensive debate across the nation on collegeaccess and affordability.Realizing the benefits of such programs, manycommunity college districts throughoutCalifornia—and across the U.S.—haveimplemented local Promise Programs.1 ThesePromise Programs have been demonstrated to: 1Expand access to financial aid;Promote equity;Increase enrollment;Improve academic performance; andBoost college completion rates.By creating a college-going culture throughoutCalifornia, this measure will expand access tofinancial aid, promote equity, increaseenrollment, help improve academicperformance, and boost completion rates.SupportLos Angeles Community College District (sponsor)Los Rios Community College District (sponsor)Peralta Community College District (sponsor)San Diego Community College District (sponsor)San Francisco Community College District (sponsor)AFSCMEFaculty Association of CA Community CollegesSan Bernardino Community College DistrictSanta Monica CollegeOppositionNone on fileFor More InformationBrandon GaytánAssemblymember Miguel Santiago916.319.2053 [email protected]:// 1 of 5Version: As amended Feb. 28, 2017 Status: Asm. Higher Education Cmte. Last Updated: Mar. 10, 2017

AB 19 (Santiago)The California Community College PromiseAppendix: Evidence Supporting AB 19 and similar Promise ProgramsAB 19 creates the California Community College Promise Program to provide tuition-free education ata CCC for one academic year for all first-time, full-time (12 units or more) students. By creating acollege-going culture throughout the California, AB 19 will expand access to financial aid, promoteequity, increase enrollment, help improve academic performance, and boost completion rates.1. AB 19 can expand access to financial aid and decrease student debt:a. The measure provides tuition relief for first-time full-time students.b. Promoting full-time attendance can help CCC students access and identify state (BOG waiver, CalGrant) and federal (Pell Grant) financial aid that many may not know they are eligible to receive.i. For example, Tennessee Promise students are required to file a federal financial aidapplication (FAFSA). Over 70% of high school seniors in Tennessee completed the FAFSA in2015-162, the highest rate in the country. AB 19 can help motivate students, once at a CCC, tosimilarly apply for federal aid.ii. As another example, at Ventura College, the percentage of first-time students receiving BOGwaivers steadily increased from 2006-14, and the college attributed this to its own VenturaCollege Promise.3 AB 19 can similarly help identify additional students eligible for a BOGwaiver.2. AB 19 can promote equity:a. The measure can help reach students who may not have otherwise entered college.i. 60% of Tennessee Promise recipients are first in their family to go to college and 70% are fromlow-income families.4ii. A survey of Oregon Promise students found first-generation recipients were much more likelyto report the Promise influenced them to attend college than non-first-generation recipients.5iii. After a period of nine years, nearly half of all Ventura Promise students reported that theywould not have attended college without the program.6b. The Long Beach Promise has seen increases in the number and percentage of students across allethnic groups who have successfully completed coursework needed to transfer to a 4-yearprogram.7c. Ventura College found that Latino students in the Promise cohort were awarded more degrees orcertificates (21%) than Latino students in the non-Promise cohort (11%).8

AB 19 (Santiago)The California Community College Promise3. AB 19 can increase enrollment:a. Since the implementation of the Tennessee Promise in 2014, first-time freshman enrollment inpublic higher education has increased by 13 percent.9 In addition, the college-going rate inTennessee rose by 4.6% in the inaugural year of the Promise, a larger percent than in the last 7years combined.10b. CSU Long Beach experienced a 43% increase in enrollment by Long Beach Unified students from2008-12.11c. In the first year of the Oregon Promise, there was a 25% increase in high school students enrolledat the state’s community colleges.12 As a specific example, enrollment at Chemeketa CommunityCollege in Salem jumped 22%.13d. At Ventura College, a survey found 82% of Promise students were enrolled full time compared to46% of the general student population.14e. In Kalamazoo, Michigan, the Promise program increased the chances of starting college within sixmonths of graduating high school by 14% for any college and 34% for baccalaureate programs. 154. AB 19 can improve academic performance:a. Long Beach Promise students who successfully completed transfer-level math and transfer-levelEnglish increased by 200% and 500%, respectively.16b. In 2012, Long Beach CCD saw increases in intent to transfer by 275%.17c. Upon transferring to CSU Long Beach, Long Beach Community College and Long Beach UnifiedPromise graduates are more likely to remain enrolled than other students.185. AB 19 can boost completion rates:a. At Ventura College, from 2009-12, Promise students were awarded 58% more degrees andcertificates than their non-Promise counterparts.19b. At Ventura College, from 2009-12, persistence rates (Fall to Spring and Fall to Fall) of Promisestudents significantly exceeded those of non-Promise students.20 In Tennessee, about 63 percentof the first Promise cohort re-enrolled in college for a second year.21 There are similar findings inthe Pittsburg Promise (PA).22Page 3 of 5Version: As amended Feb. 28, 2017 Status: Asm. Higher Education Cmte. Last Updated: Mar. 10, 2017

AB 19 (Santiago)The California Community College Promisec. AB 19 encourages full-time enrollment, which has been shown to facilitate degree completion andspeed of completion.i. In a study of the 1.9 million students who began postsecondary study in 2006, of the studentswho attended exclusively full time, 76% completed a degree and 80% either completed orwere still enrolled by 2012. Of those attending exclusively part time, 21% completed a degreeand 32% either completed or were still enrolled six years later. The completion rate for thoseattending a mixture of full time and part time was in between, with 41% completing a degreeand 68% either completing a degree or still enrolled.23ii. At Ventura College, from 2009-12, the number of units taken by Promise students was higherthan non-Promise students,24 and in Kalamazoo (Michigan) the Promise program increasedthe cumulative number of college credits attempted by 15%.25 Increasing units can facilitatecollege completion, as data on college completions suggests that inadequately supported lowincome students are not completing sufficient credit hours per term to finish degrees in twoor four or even six years.266. AB 19 can positively impact the community:a. This bill can produce a college-going culture throughout the community.b. Promise programs can impact enrollment in K-12 schools. Between 2005-2014, enrollment in theKalamazoo (Michigan) Public Schools grew 24%, while enrollment in private schools decreased.27c. Promise programs can impact completion at other local 4-year schools. Six-year graduation ratesat CSU Long Beach have risen from 45% to 60%.28d. Promise programs can bring more attention to jobs that require an associate degree or technicalcertificate.e. Promise programs may increase economic productivity within the Promise region by keepingcurrent residents in place and luring new residents to the area.i. The announcement of a Promise Program resulted in a 6-12% ( 14,000- 20,500) increase inhousing prices.29ii. Three years after the announcement of a Promise Program, overall population growth inPromise zones relative to surrounding cities was 2.7%, while population growth amongfamilies with children under 18 was 6.0%.30iii. Promise programs lead to a 1.7% increase in overall population of the local labor market.31Page 4 of 5Version: As amended Feb. 28, 2017 Status: Asm. Higher Education Cmte. Last Updated: Mar. 10, 2017

AB 19 (Santiago)The California Community College PromiseReferences2Tennessee Office of the Governor. College Institutional Effectiveness Reports., pg 22 and, pg 22.4College Promise Campaign, 2015-2016 Annual Report., pg 6.5Education Northwest, Early Findings on Oregon’s New College Grant Program., pg 8.6Jameson-Meledy (2016). What are Community College ‘Promise’ Programs and do they provide any long-termimpact on student completion? 016RB.pdf, pg 3.7Long Beach College Promise, 2015 Annual Report. reference #6, pg 3.9Tennessee Office of the Governor. reference #4, pg 6.11Long Beach College Promise, 5 year report (2008-13)., pg 2.12Campaign for Free College Tuition. Benefits of a Promise Program for Your Community., pg 2.13Statesman Journal. Free community college spreads from Tennessee to Oregon. reference #6, pg 3.15See reference #12, pg 2.16See reference #7, pg 3.17CSU Academic Affairs, Long Beach Promise Presentation., pg 25.18See reference #17, pg 32.19WestEd. The College Promise in California: A Collection of Program Profiles., pg 74.20See reference #19, pg 74.21See reference #9.22Iriti et al (2012). Realizing “The Promise:” Scholar Retention and Persistence in Post-Secondary Education., pg 9.23Carlson & Zaback, Moving the Needle: How Financial Aid Policies Can Help States Meet Student Completion Goals., pg 9.24See reference #19, pg 74.25See reference #12, pg 2.26See reference #23, pg 927See reference #12, pg 2.28See reference #7.29LeGower & Walsh (2014). Promise Scholarship Programs as Place-Making Policy: Evidence from School Enrollment andHousing Prices. & Sotherland (2015). Migration and housing price effects of place-based college scholarships. workingpapers/245/31See reference #30.3Page 5 of 5Version: As amended Feb. 28, 2017 Status: Asm. Higher Education Cmte. Last Updated: Mar. 10, 2017

a. Long Beach Promise students who successfully completed transfer-level math and transfer-level English increased by 200% and 500%, respectively.16 b. In 2012, Long Beach CCD saw increases in intent to transfer by 275%.17 c. Upon transferring to CSU Long Beach, Long Beach Community College and Long Beach Unified