Alaska ReRe-licensure Survey forRegistered Nurses (RNs)1996, 1998, 2000, and 2002A project supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Alaska State Board ofNursing, and contributions from the University of Alaska Anchorage School of Nursing.June 2003

Alaska ReRe-licensure Survey forRegistered Nurses (RNs)1996, 1998, 2000, and 2002Prepared byDivision of Health SciencesStacy L. Smith, BS, MFAAuthorSanna DoucetteAnalystWith oversight fromBeth Landon, MBA, MHAAlaska Center for Rural HealthPrincipal InvestigatorDianne M. Toebe, PhD, RNSchool of NursingUniversity of Alaska AnchorageTina D. DeLapp, EdD, RNDirector, School of NursingUniversity of Alaska AnchorageLouise Dean, MBAA project supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Alaska State Board ofNursing, and contributions from the University of Alaska Anchorage School of Nursing.

Consortium MembersThe following agencies or organizations served as consortium members at some time between1996 and 2002:Alaska Board of NursingAlaska Center for Rural HealthAlaska Native Medical CenterAlaska Nurse Practitioner AssociationAlaska Nurses AssociationAlaska Nurses FoundationAlaska Region Veterans AdministrationAlaska Regional HospitalBartlett Regional HospitalCharter North Star Behavioral Health SystemsDenali Center/Fairbanks Memorial HospitalElmendorf Air Force Base HospitalHealthCorps Associates Inc.Mt. Edgecumbe Hospital (SEARHC)Municipality of AnchorageProvidence Alaska Medical CenterSitka Community HospitalSt. Ann’s Care CenterState of Alaska DHSS Section of NursingState of Alaska Pioneers’ HomesTheta Omicron Chapter, Sigma Theta TauUAA, School of Nursing Steering CommitteeUAA Student Nurses AssociationValley HospitalWrangell General HospitalYukon-Kuskokwim Health CorporationSteering Committee MembersThe following individuals were members of the Steering Committee at some time between1996 and 2002:Lynn Towner, Co-ChairAlaska Nurses FoundationSheryl Washburn, Co-ChairBartlett Regional HospitalJanet BunessWrangell General Hospital and LTC FacilityMartha ClinehensHealthCorpsCathy FeasterMunicipality of AnchorageDorothy FultonAlaska Board of NursingBarbara MillerVeterans AdministrationElaine McKenzieState of AlaskaDHSS Section of NursingCamille SoleilAlaska Nurses AssociationVern WilkieAlaska Native Medical CenterDianne ToebeAlaska Colleagues in CaringLouise DeanAlaska Colleagues in CaringTina DeLappUniversity of Alaska AnchorageSchool of Nursing

Table of ContentsTableContentsTable of Contents. iIntroduction . iiSurvey Return Rate . 1Demographics . 1Age . 1Gender . 2Ethnic Diversity. 2Educational Background . 3Certification. 3Educational Preparation . 3Highest Nursing Degree. 4Educational Goals . 5Barriers to Future Education . 6Employment Background . 7Working Status. 7Regions of Employment. 7Employment Setting. 8Primary Position of Employment. 9Full-time/Part-time Working Status. 10Years Planning to Work in Nursing. 10Influences to Staying in Nursing. 11Hourly Salaries. 12Alaska ColleaguesColleagues in CaringiRegistered Nurses

Registered NursesIntroductionThis reports presents a snapshot of thecurrent Alaska RN workforce with regardto demographic characteristics, educational levels, future educational and workrelated intentions, and salaries. Althoughsurvey instruments have varied slightlyover the four relicensure surveys, theinstruments have been sufficiently similarto enable over-time comparisons to bemade; those comparisons are also presented in this report along with comparisons with data from the National SampleSurvey of Registered Nurses 2000 (HealthResources Services Administration).Efforts to describe the characteristics andwork-related intentions of the AlaskaRegistered Nurse population began in 1996with the formation of Alaska Colleagues inCaring (ACIC). ACIC was established as astatewide consortium of individuals,agencies, and organizations to facilitate thedevelopment of an adequately sized andappropriately prepared nursing workforce tomeet the high quality health and nursing careservices needs of Alaskans. Between 1996and 2003, the Project was funded with twogrants from the Robert Wood JohnsonFoundation and contributions fromconsortium members.All of the registered nurses who renewedtheir licenses in 1996, 1998, 2000, and2002 were surveyed. However, for theyears 1998 and later, the report excludesthose RNs who were employed outside ofAlaska at the time of the survey. It shouldalso be noted that some of questions askedin the 2000 and 2002 surveys were notasked in the 1996 and 1998 surveys andthus do not contain data for these years.Since 2001, the Alaska Board of Nursing hasprovided increasing financial support to theACIC Project. In March 2003, when fundingfrom the Robert Wood Johnson Foundationwas exhausted, the Board assumed fullfinancial responsibility for ongoing projectactivities.In 1996, ACIC took the first steps toensuring an adequately sized andappropriately qualified nursing workforce byworking with the Alaska Board of Nursingand the National Council of State Boards inNursing to survey Alaska RNs at their timeof relicensure in 1996. Subsequentrelicensure surveys have been conductedevery two years, with the most recent surveyoccurring in Fall 2002.Alaska Colleagues in CaringIn 2002, the method of returning surveysdiffered significantly from previous years,in which all surveys were returned viamail. In 2002, individuals had the optionof returning the survey by mail orresponding on-line as they renewed theirlicense. Further information about thesurvey results can be obtained by calling269-8402.iiRegistered Nurses

Key FindingsIn 2002, the average age of respondentswas 46 years, with a range of 23 to 80years. Nearly 8% were male and close to11% identified themselves as a member ofan ethnic minority. Between 1996 and2002, the percentage of Alaska Natives/Native Americans increased from 1.6% to2.4%.tally with each group, but decreased slightlyin the over seventy age group. Hourlysalaries also increased incrementally witheach level of nursing degree, except forRNs with a doctorate degree. These RNsearned 2.61/hr less than RNs with amaster’s degree.Comparing RN hourly salaries from 2000with hourly salaries from 2002 showed anaverage increase of 2.93/hr. Between 2000and 2002, the lowest increase in hourlysalaries by age category occurred in the 2029 age group ( 1.83/hr), and the highestincrease occurred in the over seventy agegroup ( 3.95/hr). When broken out byregion, the Anchorage region experiencedthe lowest hourly salary increase ( 2.75/hr),while the Southeast region experienced thehighest ( 3.69/hr). On average, RNsworking in school settings experienced thelowest hourly salary increase ( 1.80/hr),while RNs working in community andhome health settings experienced thehighest ( 3.62/hr). Hourly salaries bynursing positions showed that clinical nursespecialists and nurse educators had thelowest hourly salary increase ( 2.40/hr),while nurse researchers and nurse consultants had the greatest increase ( 6.20/hr).In general, hourly salaries increased byapproximately 3.00/hr with each nursingdegree attained, with the exception of RNsholding doctorate degrees. These RNsearned 1.72/hr less than RNs in 2000 whoheld doctorate degrees.Alaska nurses as a group are more highlyeducated than their colleagues nationally.Fully 57% of Alaska RNs hold a baccalaureate degree or higher in nursing, whileonly 43% of RNs nationally hold a baccalaureate degree or higher in nursing. Thegreatest barriers to further educationidentified were “need to work full-time”(23%) and “cost” (21%).Most RNs who were living in Alaskaduring the time of the survey were workingin the nursing field (98%); only 2% werenot working/retired. Around 71% of thoseRNs working in Alaska were employedfull-time in nursing; the other 29% wereemployed part-time. About 46% worked inan acute care setting, and most (51%)worked primarily as a staff nurse. Thebiggest influence given for deciding to stayin nursing was “salary/financial security”(54%).In 2002, the average hourly salary ofrespondents was 28.55, with a minimumof 10.00 and a maximum of 125.00.When broken out by age category, the meanhourly salaries in 2002 increased incremen-A project supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Alaska State Board ofNursing, and contributions from the University of Alaska Anchorage School of Nursing.Alaska Colleagues in CaringiiiRegistered Nurses

Registered NursesSurvey Return RateYearRenewed LicensesReturned SurveysReturn 4,2394,25143.5%80.2%75.7%65.4%DemographicsAgeThe registered nurse population isaging. Between 1996 and 2002, themean age of registered nursessurveyed in Alaska increased by 2.2years. In 2002, the average age ofrespondents was around 46 years,with a range of 23 to 80 years.Mean Age of RespondentsYears of AgeRNs: 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002 & US-20005040302010044.044.545.146.243.31996*1998(n 2,495)2000(n 3,263)2002(n 3,292)US - 2000YearIn 2002, 32% of RNs were over theage of 50, compared with 27% in2000, and 24% in 1996.US Source: National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses, Health Resources &Services Administration, Bureau of Health Professions, Division of Nursing, 2000.*Note: 1996 “N” not available.Age Distribution of RespondentsRNs: 2000 & 2002Percent ofRespondents50%45.1% 43.1%2000 (n 3,263)2002 (n 3,292)40%30%21.0% 18.5%20%10%27.2%22.8%7.3% 6.3%3.7% 4.6%0%20 - 30years31 - 40years41 - 50years51 - 60years61 - 70years0.1% 0.2%71 yearsAge CategoryNote: 1996 & 1998 data not available.Alaska Colleagues in Caring1Registered Nurses

GenderMale RespondentsRNs: 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002 & US-2000Percent ofRespondents9%6%7.7%6.5%6.1%1996(n 2,867)1998(n 3,176)Since 1996, the percentage ofmale registered nurses inAlaska has increased, and isabove the national average forall surveyed years.7.5%5.9%3%0%20002002(n 3,282) (n 3,295)US - 2000YearUS Source: National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses, Health Resources and ServicesAdministration, Bureau of Health Professions, Division of Nursing, 2000.Ethnic DiversityEthnic diversity has increased in the registered nurse population in Alaska. Between 1996 and2002, the percentage of White nurses decreased while the total percentage of individuals whoidentified themselves as a member of an ethnic minority increased (from 7% to 11%). Since1996, the percentage of Alaska Natives/Native Americans has increased (from 1.6% to 2.4%).Distribution of Ethnic Minorities Among RespondentsRNs: 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002 & nic/Latino**0.9%1.0%0.9%1.3%Black/African AmAK Native/NativeAm0.5%1996 (n 2,660)1998 (n 3,176)2000 (n 3,217)2002 (n 3,233)US - 20002.0%Year3.1%3.0%1.5%1.7%Other2.3%0%1%4.9%1.6% 2.1%2.3%2.4%1.1%0.8%Asian/Pacific IsPercent of nt93.1%86.9%89.5%89.3%86.6%3.1%2.7%3%4%5%Percent of Respondents* Filipino was not listed as a separate category in 2000 & 2002.** Hispanic/Latino was not listed as a separate category in 1998.Alaska Colleagues in Caring2Registered Nurses

Educational BackgroundCertificationCertification in a Nursing SpecialtyRNs: 1996, 1998, 2000 & 2002During all surveyed years,about one third of Alaska’sregistered nurses werecertified in a nursingspecialty. Another quarterplanned to become certified inthe future.Percent ofRespondents36%30%35.2% 34.5%32.5% 34.1%24%28.0%25.2% 25.9%18%1996*1998 (n 2,901)2000 (n 3,179)2002 (n 3,213)12%6%0%CertifiedPlan to obtain certificationPlans for Certification*Note: 1996 “N” not available.Educational PreparationIn 1998, 2000, and 2002, around 43% of registered nurses were initially prepared as RNs at thebaccalaureate level. This percentage is higher than the 2000 national average of 29%. Initialpreparation at the associate degree level remained at about one-third in 1998, 2000, and 2002.Educational PreparationRNs: 1998, 2000, 2002 & US-20000.03%1998 (n 2,953)2000 (n 3,302)2002 (n 3,312)US - 2000*Doctorate 0.0%0.0%0.0%2.7%1.7%1.8%0.4%Educational ate23.1%20.0%17.4%RN her0%5%*Note: Based on US estimate.Alaska Colleagues in Caring10%15%20%25%30%35%40%45%Percent of Respondents3Registered Nurses

Highest Nursing DegreeBetween 1996 and 2002, the percentage of nurses with associate degrees as their highestnursing degree increased, while the percentage of individuals with a nursing diploma declined.This likely reflects the decline in the number of diploma programs nationally, as well as thefact that nursing education in Alaska must occur in a postsecondary education institution (i.e.,college or university).Overall, the Alaska RN population is more highly educated than the national population ofRNs. In Alaska, 57% of RNs hold a baccalaureate degree or higher in nursing, while 43% holda baccalaureate degree or higher in nursing nationally.Highest Nursing Degree AttainedRNs: 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002 & al .1%Bachelor's32.7%15.9%Associate8.5%RN 3%1996*1998 (n 2,953)2000 (n 3,290)2002 (n 3,312)US - 5%50%Percent of Respondents* Note: 1996 “N” not available.Alaska Colleagues in Caring4Registered Nurses

Educational GoalsIn 1998, 2000, and 2002, more than half ( 56%) of all registered nurses surveyed did not planto pursue further education. However, it should be noted that 57% of the Alaska RNs surveyedin 2002 already held at least a baccalaureate degree in nursing. Of those who did intend topursue further education, most said they planned to obtain a master of science degree in nursing(42%) or a bachelor of science degree in nursing (21%).Goals for Future EducationRNs: 1998, 2000 & 2002Doctorate (non-nursing)3.9%5.0%5.2%Doctorate (nursing)4.4%2.7%3.6%Educational DegreeMS or Doctorate (nursing)1998 (n 1,176)2000 (n 1,351)2002 (n 1,365)0.8%0.2%14.5%15.4%16.3%MS (non-nursing)41.9%38.9%42.0%MS (nursing)2.6%1.2%BS or MS (nursing)7.8%9.1%8.4%BS (non-nursing)27.4%24.4%21.1%BS (nursing)Associate (non-nursing)0.7%1.0%Associate nt of RespondentsAlaska Colleagues in Caring5Registered Nurses

Barriers to Future EducationIn 2000 and 2002, the top listed barrier to obtaining further education for registered nurses wasthe “need to work full time,” followed closely by “cost,” “personal responsibilities,” and “lackof program near home.”Barriers to Future EducationRNs: 2000 & 20026.6%Career/Degree ation14.3%Barriers*Lack of program 4%18.9%Cost21.0%22.2%Need to work full-time23.4%4.7%Other3.2%0%*Note: Multiple answers allowed.Alaska Colleagues in Caring2%4% 6%8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20% 22% 24%Percent of Respondents6Registered Nurses

Employment BackgroundWorking StatusIn 2000 and 2002, most of theregistered nurses surveyed(98%) reported that they werecurrently working in nursing. In1996, data included Alaskaregistered RNs who were livingoutside of Alaska during thesurvey. Since individuals mighthave left the state to retire orlook for a job, this might explainthe higher percent of nurses inthe “not working/retired”category during this year.Percent of RespondentsCurrent Working StatusRNs: 1996, 2000 & 2002100%1996*2000 (n 3,305)2002 (n 3,323)93.8% 98.1% 98.1%80%60%40%20%6.2%0%Working in nursing1.9%1.9%Not working/RetiredWorking S tatus* Note: 1996 “N” not available.Regions of EmploymentIn 1998, 2000, and 2002, approximately half of the registered nurses in Alaska were employedin Anchorage, the region with the highest concentration of people. The other half wererelatively evenly distributed across the other three regions.Regions of EmploymentRNs: 1998, 2000 & 2002Percent of Respondents60%50%51.0%53.3%49.6%1998 (n 2,872)2000 (n 3,238)2002 (n 3,250)40%30%20%16.3%12.5%12.3%17.6%16.1%15.8%20.5% 20.4%14.6%10%0%SoutheastSouthcentralInterior, North &(excluding Anch)WestAnchorageRegionNote: examples of communities in the regions are: “interior, north & west” – Fairbanks, Bethel,Barrow, Dillingham; “southcentral” – Palmer, Soldotna, Kodiak, Cordova; and “southeast” –Juneau, Sitka, Ketchikan, Petersburg, Wrangell.Alaska Colleagues in Caring7Registered Nurses

Employment SettingDuring all surveyed years, the largest percentage of Alaska registered nurses reported workingin acute care settings ( 46%). When nurses who work in acute and long-term care settings arecombined, it is apparent that approximately half of Alaska RNs work in structured/inpatientcare settings, with the other half working in community-based or unstructured settings. Thispercentage is higher than the national RN population in 2000, where only 34% of RNs reportedworking in settings other than acute care or long-term care. In 2000 and 2002, “other” consistedmainly of RNs working in correctional settings, mental health settings, and drug/alcoholrehabilitation settings.Employment SettingRNs: 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002 & US-20003.8%3.0%2.7%2.6%Home health4.7%3.3%4.6%5.1%6.9%Long-term care1.9%1.3%Schools/nursing ed.Employment Setting1996 (n 2,539)1998 (n 2,694)2000 (n 3,220)2002 (n 3,228)US - ealth5.4%5.8%Ambulatory %46.0%46.2%46.2%Acute 40%50%60%Percent of Respondents*US ambulatory care also includes physicians' offices.**“Other” includes respondents who indicated multiple employment settings (N2000 149, 4.6% / N2002 117, 3.6%).Alaska Colleagues in Caring8Registered Nurses

Primary Position of EmploymentIn 2000 and 2002, most registered nurses worked primarily as staff nurses.Primary Position in NursingRNs: 2000 & 4%3.9%4.0%4.0%4.2%6.3%7.4%Nurse researcherNurse midwifeNurse anesthetistNursing PositionNurse consultantClinical nurse specialistNurse educatorNurse administratorPublic health nurseNurse practitioner2000 (n 3,234)2002 (n 3,343)8.0%7.7%8.3%9.0%Office nurseNurse manager/Charge nurse52.6%51.1%Staff nurse9.0%7.7%Other0%5%10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% 55%Percent of RespondentsOf the 8-9% of respondents who selected the “other” category in 2000 and 2002, many reportedprimarily working as a “case manager/care coordinator.” Other responses included: “infectioncontrol nurse,” “correctional nurse,” and “occupational health nurse.”Alaska Colleagues in Caring9Registered Nurses

Full-time/Part-time Working StatusIn 2000 and 2002, approximately 29% of the surveyed RNs worked in part-time positions.Full-time/Part-time StatusRNs: 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002 & US-2000Percent of Respondents80%73.3%76.0%70%70.0% 70.7% 71.6%1996 (n 2,336)1998 (n 2,688)2000 (n 3,159)2002 (n 3,170)US - 200060%50%40%24.0%30%30.0% 29.3% 28.4%20%10%0%Full-timePart-timeWork StatusUS Source: National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses, Health Resources and Services Administration,Bureau of Health Professions, Division of Nursing, 2000.Note: 1996 part-time data not available.Years Planning to Work in NursingRegistered nurses who responded to the 2002 survey were planning to work in nursing forapproximately 13.3 more years, a nearly one-half year decrease from the 2000 survey.YearMean Years RNs Planning toWork in NursingRange (years)N200013.8.1 to 503,005200213.3.1 to 503,069Alaska Colleagues in Caring10Registered Nurses

Influences to Staying in NursingIn 2000 and 2002, “salary/financial security” was the factor most influencing registered nursesto remain in nursing.Factors Influencing Decision to Stay in NursingRNs: 2000 & 2002Percent of Respondents60%50%52.6% 54.0%2000200238.1% xible shifts/WeekendDifferentials*Note: Multiple answers urityOtherFactors*Over one quarter of the respondents selected the “other” category in 2000 (N 979) and 2002(N 857). Top reasons given for other factors that influenced their decision to stay in nursingwere: “love the job”/ “personal satisfaction,” “enjoy helping people,” and “flexibility.”Alaska Colleagues in Caring11Registered Nurses

Hourly SalariesIn 2002, the mean hourly salary for all registered nurses surveyed in Alaska was 28.55(n 2,942), with a minimum of 10.00 and a maximum of 125.00. This is a nearly 3.00/hrincrease from the mean hourly salary of 25.62 (n 2,885) in 2000.1. Hourly Salaries by Age GroupIn each surveyed year, the mean hourly salaries of registered nurses increased incrementallywith each age category, but decreased in the over seventy age group. Between 2000 and 2002,hourly salaries by age category increased by an average of 2.77/hour. The 20-30 age groupexperienced the lowest increase, at 1.83/hr, and the over seventy age group experienced thegreatest increase, at 3.95/hr.Mean Hourly Salary by Age GroupRNs: 2000 & 2002 32 27.01Dollars/Hour 28 26 24 22 30.21 29.22 30 29.90 27.80 27.53 26.63 26.38 22.94 23.95 23.58 21.11 202000 (n 2,847)2002 (n 2,914) 18 16 1420 – 30years31 – 40years41 – 50years51 –60years61 – 70years71 yearsAge GroupNote: Data for hourly salaries include advanced Nurse Practitioners.MeanHourly PayMinimumHourly PayMaximumHourly Pay20 – 30 22.94 10.00 45.0031 – 40 26.63 16.00 60.0041 – 50 29.22 11.00 125.0051 –60 30.21 13.00 102.4161 – 70 29.90 15.00 90.0070 and higher 27.53 11.36 44.00Age GroupAlaska Colleagues in Caring12Registered Nurses

2. Hourly Salaries by RegionIn 2002, the mean hourly salaries for registered nurses were comparable across the four regionsof Alaska, with the lowest hourly salaries being in the southcentral region (excludingAnchorage) and the highest hourly salaries being in the Anchorage region. Between 2000 and2002, the lowest hourly salary increase occurred in the Anchorage region ( 2.75/hr) and thehighest in the Southeast region ( 3.69/hr), with an average increase of 3/hr across all fourregions.Mean Hourly Salary by RegionRNs: 2000 & 2002 30 28Dollars/Hour 26 27.33 22 26.17 25.94 24 24.25 28.91 28.82 28.34 24.65 202000 (n 2,877)2002 (n 2,927) 18 16 14Southcentral(excluding Anch)SoutheastInterior, North &WestRegionAnchorageNote: Data for hourly salaries include advanced Nurse Practitioners.Region of EmploymentMeanHourly PayMinimumMaximumHourly Pay Hourly PaySouthcentral (excluding Anch) 27.33 11.36 102.41Southeast 28.34 12.50 90.00Interior, North & West 28.82 10.00 124.00Anchorage 28.91 11.00 125.00Alaska Colleagues in Caring13Registered Nurses

3. Hourly Salaries by Highest Nursing DegreeIn 2000 and 2002, the mean hourly salaries for registered nurses increased with each level ofnursing degree attained, with the exception of RNs with doctorate degrees in 2002. These RNsearned 2.61/hr less than RNs with master’s degrees in 2002, and 1.72/hr less than RNs withdoctorate degrees in 2000.Mean Hourly Salary by Highest Nursing DegreeRNs: 2000 & 2002 38Dollars/Hour 34 30 35.612000 (n 2,873)2002 (n 2,927) 32.58 34.71 28.83 29.13 27.53 27.20 26 24.19 33.94 33.00 25.90 24.74 22 18 14AssociatedegreeBachelor'sdegreeRN diplomaMaster'sdegreeDoctorateOtherNursing DegreeNursing DegreeAssociate degreeBachelor's degreeRN diplomaMaster's degreeDoctorateOtherAlaska Colleagues in CaringMeanHourly PayMinimumHourly PayMaximumHourly Pay 27.20 27.53 28.83 35.61 33.00 33.94 14.00 10.00 14.00 11.00 23.00 20.00 102.41 125.00 76.20 110.00 75.00 90.0014Registered Nurses

4. Hourly Salaries by Employment SettingIn 2000 and 2002, registered nurses in schools and offices earned the lowest mean hourlysalaries, while RNs in ambulatory care and public health earned the highest hourly salaries.Between 2000 and 2002, hourly salaries increased by an average of 3/hr, with nurses workingin schools increasing the least ( 1.80/hr), and nurses working in a home health or communitysetting increasing the most ( 3.62/hr).Mean Hourly Salary by Employment SettingRNs: 2000 & 2002 24.25School2000 (n 2,866)2002 (n 2,901)Employment SettingOffice 26.05 23.60 26.54 24.01Long-term care 26.88 24.76Home health 28.38 25.03Community 28.65 26.20Acute care 28.96 27.29Ambulatory care 30.24 27.17Public health 25.37Other 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 30.29 29.74 28 30 32Dollars/HourNote: Ambulatory care, acute care, office, and public health may include administrators, managers,advanced nurse practitioners, educators, researchers, consultants, and nurse anesthetists.EmploymentSettingMeanHourly PayMinimumHourly PayMaximumHourly PaySchool 26.05 11.00 75.00Office 26.54 13.00 124.00Long-term care 26.88 15.70 50.00Home health 28.38 20.00 55.00Community 28.65 16.00 90.00Acute care 28.96 10.00 102.41Ambulatory care 30.24 17.00 60.00Public health 30.29 20.00 50.00Other 29.74 11.36 125.00Alaska Colleagues in Caring15Registered Nurses

5. Hourly Salaries by RN PositionIn 2000 and 2002, nurse anesthetists earned the highest mean hourly salaries, while officenurses earned the lowest hourly salaries. Between 2000 and 2002, the hourly salaries for nurseresearchers and nurse consultants increased by 6.20/hr, while other positions increased by anaverage of 3/hr.Mean Hourly Salary by RN PositionRNs: 2000 & 2002 20.56 23.33Office nurse 24.42 26.95Staff nurse 24.96 27.61Public health nurseRN Positions2000 (n 2,876)2002 (n 2,921)Nurse educator 26.89 29.36Clinical nurse specialist 27.92 30.29Manager/charge nurse 27.37 30.60 25.97Nurse researcher 32.22 27.55Nurse consultant 33.71Nurse midwife 30.20 33.73Nurse administrator 30.58 34.03 33.44 37.02Nurse practitioner 54.31Nurse anesthetist 59.02 25.94 27.44Other 10 20 30 40 50 60Dollars/HourAlaska Colleagues in Caring16Registered Nurses

MeanHourly PayMinimumHourly PayMaximumHourly PayOffice nurse 23.33 14.00 124.00Staff nurse 26.95 10.00 55.00Public health nurse 27.61 18.00 50.00Nurse educator 29.36 18.10 75.00Clinical nurse specialist 30.29 19.57 90.00Manager/charge nurse 30.60 13.00 46.20Nurse researcher 32.22 20.00 45.00Nurse consultant 33.71 17.92 125.00Nurse midwife 33.73 25.00 45.50Nurse administrator 34.03 18.45 65.00Nurse practitioner 37.02 21.75 110.00Nurse anesthetist 59.02 25.00 102.41Other 27.44 11.36 40.05RN PositionAlaska Colleagues in Caring17Registered Nurses

State of AlaskaBoard of Nursing550 W. 7th Avenue, Suite 1500Anchorage, AK 99501Non-ProfitOrganizationU.S. PostagePAIDPermit No. 581Anchorage, AK

School of Nursing University of Alaska Anchorage Tina D. DeLapp, EdD, RN Director, School of Nursing University of Alaska Anchorage Louise Dean, MBA A project supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Alaska State Board of Nursing, and contributions from the U